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An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (国富论)

作者: Adam Smith
出版社: 豆瓣阅读
出版时间: 2019-01-01
发布时间: 2020-09-03
阅读热度: 15
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《An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (国富论)》内容简介

The annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniencies of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations.According, therefore, as this produce, or what is purchased with it, bears a greater or smaller proportion to the number of those who are to consume it, the nation will be better or worse supplied with all the necessaries and conveniencies for which it has occasion.This is a public domain book converted by anonymous volunteers and you may find it for free on the web.This work is respectfully inscribed by the author.《国富论》为影响世界历史进程的10部书之一,影响人类丈化进程的100部经典之一,对中国近代社会影响最大的经济学译著。这是一部将经济学、政治理论、哲学、历史和经济实践活动奇妙地结合在一起的书,一部由有着高深学问和敏感见识的人写的书。这个人有强大的分析能力,他能对其笔记本中的所有材料进行甄别筛选;这个人还有着非凡的综合能力,能按照新的、引人注目的方式将其重新组合,他对当时的各种学术思想极为敏感。他像后来的卡尔•马克思一样不是与世隔绝的“书斋学者”,他仿佛全身都装着天线,能吸收接触到的一切信息。他在新时代开启之时写作,他不是为图书馆架藏而写作,他的思想不仅对经济学和国家政策的制定产生了深刻的影响,而且直至今天仍影响着人类的整个生活环境。亚当•斯密(1723—1790),著名经济学家,经济学的主要创立者。1723年,亚当•斯密出生于苏格兰法夫郡的魁克卡迪,青年时最早就读于格拉斯哥大学,后转入牛津大学。1750年到1764年在格拉斯哥大学担任逻辑学和道德哲学教授。在此期间,亚当•斯密于1759年出版了第一部著作《道德情操论》,并因此确立了他在知识界的地位。此后,于1766年开始着手《国民财富的性质和原因的研究》(简称《国富论》)的写作,1773年基本完稿,后又经3年润色,直至1776年3月出版。

《An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (国富论)》章节目录
  • INTRODUCTION AND PLAN OF THE WORK.
  • BOOK I. OF THE CAUSES OF IMPROVEMENT IN THE PRODUCTIVE POWERS OF LABOUR, AND OF THE ORDER ACCORDING TO WHICH ITS PRODUCE IS NATURALLY DISTRIBUTED AMONG THE DIFFERENT RANKS OF THE PEOPLE.
  • CHAPTER I. OF THE DIVISION OF LABOUR
  • CHAPTER II. OF THE PRINCIPLE WHICH GIVES OCCASION TO THE DIVISION OF LABOUR.
  • CHAPTER III. THAT THE DIVISION OF LABOUR IS LIMITED BY THE EXTENT OF THE MARKET.
  • CHAPTER IV. OF THE ORIGIN AND USE OF MONEY.
  • CHAPTER V. OF THE REAL AND NOMINAL PRICE OF COMMODITIES, OR OF THEIR PRICE IN LABOUR, AND THEIR PRICE IN MONEY.
  • CHAPTER VI. OF THE COMPONENT PART OF THE PRICE OF COMMODITIES.
  • CHAPTER VII. OF THE NATURAL AND MARKET PRICE OF COMMODITIES.
  • CHAPTER VIII. OF THE WAGES OF LABOUR.
  • CHAPTER IX. OF THE PROFITS OF STOCK.
  • CHAPTER X. OF WAGES AND PROFIT IN THE DIFFERENT EMPLOYMENTS OF LABOUR AND STOCK.
  • CHAPTER XI. OF THE RENT OF LAND.
  • BOOK II. OF THE NATURE, ACCUMULATION, AND EMPLOYMENT OF STOCK.
  • CHAPTER I. OF THE DIVISION OF STOCK.
  • CHAPTER II. OF MONEY, CONSIDERED AS A PARTICULAR BRANCH OF THE GENERAL STOCK OF THE SOCIETY, OR OF THE EXPENSE OF MAINTAINING THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
  • CHAPTER III. OF THE ACCUMULATION OF CAPITAL, OR OF PRODUCTIVE AND UNPRODUCTIVE LABOUR.
  • CHAPTER IV. OF STOCK LENT AT INTEREST.
  • CHAPTER V. OF THE DIFFERENT EMPLOYMENTS OF CAPITALS.
  • BOOK III. OF THE DIFFERENT PROGRESS OF OPULENCE IN DIFFERENT NATIONS
  • CHAPTER I. OF THE NATURAL PROGRESS OF OPULENCE.
  • CHAPTER II. OF THE DISCOURAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE ANCIENT STATE OF EUROPE, AFTER THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
  • CHAPTER III. OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF CITIES AND TOWNS, AFTER THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE.
  • CHAPTER IV. HOW THE COMMERCE OF TOWNS CONTRIBUTED TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE COUNTRY.
  • BOOK IV. OF SYSTEMS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY.
  • CHAPTER I. OF THE PRINCIPLE OF THE COMMERCIAL OR MERCANTILE SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER II. OF RESTRAINTS UPON IMPORTATION FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES OF SUCH GOODS AS CAN BE PRODUCED AT HOME.
  • CHAPTER III. OF THE EXTRAORDINARY RESTRAINTS UPON THE IMPORTATION OF GOODS OF ALMOST ALL KINDS, FROM THOSE COUNTRIES WITH WHICH THE BALANCE IS SUPPOSED TO BE DISADVANTAGEOUS.
  • CHAPTER IV. OF DRAWBACKS.
  • CHAPTER V. OF BOUNTIES.
  • CHAPTER VI. OF TREATIES OF COMMERCE.
  • CHAPTER VII. OF COLONIES.
  • CHAPTER VIII. CONCLUSION OF THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM.
  • CHAPTER IX. OF THE AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS, OR OF THOSE SYSTEMS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY WHICH REPRESENT THE PRODUCE OF LAND, AS EITHER THE SOLE OR THE PRINCIPAL SOURCE OF THE REVENUE AND WEALTH OF EVERY COUNTRY.
  • BOOK V. OF THE REVENUE OF THE SOVEREIGN OR COMMONWEALTH
  • CHAPTER I. OF THE EXPENSES OF THE SOVEREIGN OR COMMONWEALTH.
  • CHAPTER II. OF THE SOURCES OF THE GENERAL OR PUBLIC REVENUE OF THE SOCIETY.
  • CHAPTER III. OF PUBLIC DEBTS.
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